Women’s Smocks
The Medieval Tailor's Assistant

Patterns of Fashion 4: The Cut and Construction of Linen Shirts, Smocks, Neckwear, Headwear and Accessories for Men and Women C. 1540-1660

Reconstructing History 14th century Women's Smock or Chemise Pattern

Reconstructing History 15th Century Women's Accessories Pattern

A smock is a woman's undergarment (the men's equivalent is a shirt); usually white linen, though there are a few descriptions of silk smocks (an empress in The Seven Sages of Rome, l. 460; Largesse in The Romaunt of the Rose, Fragment A, l. 1195), these are hardly commonplace sorts of smocks.

Other Middle English words for this undergarment include the words for men’s undergarments, including “shirt” or “sark.”

See the baths linkspage for examples of a smock worn by women who worked in bathhouses.

See also Extant Italian Women's Shifts (Camicie) for several examples from the 16th and 17th centuries.