Candlesticks, Candelabras, & Chandeliers
A World Lit Only by Fire: The Medieval Mind and the Renaissance: Portrait of an Age

The Medieval Household: Daily Living c.1150-c.1450

Medieval Sculpture and Works of Art: The Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection

Two medieval candlesticks

Constructing Medieval Furniture: Plans and Instructions With Historical Notes

The following links to period artwork and artifacts present a survey of candle-holders, whether wall-mounted, ceiling-mounted (chandeliers), or free-standing (candlesticks and candelabras), focused largely on domestic and secular examples. I've attempted to classify and organize them into different headings, to facilitate navigation of this list; my attempts at classification is not an official taxonomy of pre-17th century lighting fixtures.

Most such items represented in period artwork as gold-toned are probably copper or brass (as demonstrated in several extant examples in this list), but they could also be a gilt metal.

Let There Be Light also features some additional artworks and artifacts for these and other period lighting sources; other articles of interest include History of Lighting Traced by Science, Master Bedwyr Danwyn's "Medieval Lighting" guides, and these links on medieval lighting too.

I've also seen some interesting 15th-16th century candlesticks at a webpage for Huntington Antiques, but I'm not sure how long those photos will appear online.


ANTHROPOMORPHIC CANDLESTICKS

ZOOMORPHIC CANDLESTICKS (ANIMALIERS)

COMBINATION ANTHROPOMORPHIC/ZOOMORPHIC CANDLESTICKS

PRICKET CANDLESTICKS


SOCKET CANDLESTICKS

WALL-MOUNTED LIGHTING

PENDANT LIGHTING AND CHANDELIERS